Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, occupying most of northern North America.Extending from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, Canada shares land borders with the United States to the northwest and south.
Canada is a federal constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy. Comprising ten provinces and three territories, Canada is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. A technologically advanced and industrialized nation, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade — particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship.
Capital: - Ottawa
Area: - Total: 9,984,670 km² (2nd) 3,854,085 sq mi
- Water (%): 8.92 (891,163 km²)
Independence: - British North America Act: July 1, 1867
- Statute of Westminster: December 11, 1931
- Canada Act: April 17, 1982