Iraq is a country in Southwest Asia encompassing most of Mesopotamia as well as the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. It has a very narrow section of coastline at Umm Qasr on the Persian Gulf.
Capital: - Baghdad
Area: - Total: 438,317 km² (58th) 169,234 sq mi
- Water (%): 1.1
Independence: - from the Ottoman Empire: October 1, 1919
- from the United Kingdom: October 3, 1932
- from the United States: June 28, 2004