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ICELAND

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Cities of Iceland
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Hafnarfjordhur(0)
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Vik(0)

ABOUT ICELAND 

The Republic of Iceland, is a country of northwestern Europe, comprising the island of Iceland and its outlying islets in the North Atlantic Ocean between Greenland, Norway, the British Isles, and the Faroe Islands. As of December 2006, it had a population of 307,261. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík.
Iceland has a history of habitation since about the year 874 when, according to Landnámabók, the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island. Others had visited the island earlier and stayed over winter. Over the next centuries, people of Nordic and Gaelic origin settled in Iceland. Until the 20th century, the Icelandic population relied on fisheries and agriculture, and was from 1262 to 1944 a part of the Norwegian and later the Danish monarchies.

  • Capital:
    - Reykjavík
  • Area:
    - Total: 103,000 km² (107th)
    39,770 sq mi
    - Water (%): 2.7
  • Independence:
    from Denmark
    - Home rule: 1 February 1904
    - Sovereignty: 1 December 1918
    - Republic: 17 June 1944
  • Official languages:
    - Icelandic (de facto)
  • Population:
    - December 2006 estimate: 307,261 (181th)
    - December 1980 census: 229,187
    - Density: 2.9/km² (222nd)
    7.5/sq mi
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