The Republic of Cyprus is a Eurasian island nation in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian peninsula (Asia Minor) or modern-day Turkey. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. A former British colony, the Republic of Cyprus gained independence in 1960 while the United Kingdom retained two Sovereign Base Areas.
Capital: - Nicosia
Area: - Total:9,251 km² (167th)
3,572 sq mi
- Water(%): negligible
Independence: - from United Kingdom:
16 August 1960